Researchers from UCLA compared 33 patients who went to other countries to receive kidney transplants to 66 patients treated in the United States. They found that 30 percent of medical tourists had kidney rejection compared with 12 percent of those treated at UCLA.
Also, patients receiving foreign kidneys had a higher rate of complications.
The study is in the Clinical Journal of the American Society Nephrology.
It also found 27 percent of medical tourism patients were hospitalized for infection compared to 9 percent of those treated in the U.S.