While the federal government limits caffeine in soft drinks, no such limits are placed on energy drinks because they are considered dietary supplements.
High caffeine content has been linked to serious reactions especially in children and young adults with underlying problems such as diabetes, seizures and mood disorders.
The report claims some cans have four to five times more caffeine than soda. Moreover, it recommends pediatricians routinely ask about energy drink use.
A spokesperson with the American Beverage Association says many of the drinks contain less caffeine than coffee from popular coffee houses.
The group also points out that many energy drinks do list the caffeine content.