Many restaurants and stores were effected Thursday and some businesses even closed, including the Pete's Fresh Market in Little Village, four of renowned chef Rick Bayless's restaurants and dozens of family-owned businesses.
The nationwide protest was called, "A Day Without Immigrants" and aimed to show President Donald Trump the effect immigrants have on the country on a daily basis.
Hundreds of people, primarily Hispanic workers and students, gathered Thursday at Union Park for a rally, a direct response to Trump's immigration crackdown and travel ban. Just before noon they marched in support of immigrant rights and against what they said are the racist origins of the Trump administration's approach to immigration.
"The people are scared. And that's why people are showing up and saying I refuse. We refuse to be kept in the shadows. I refuse to let fear control my life," said Vincente Serranno.
The crowd spanned about one and a half blocks. Marchers blocked traffic along Jackson Boulevard in the Loop, eventually convening in Federal Plaza.
"I'm here because I'm an immigrant, my father was an immigrant, my grandfather was an immigrant. And I'm here because we make this country great," said Fulvio Vecoli
"It has been said that we have been a sleeping giant. I don't think we are sleeping, we are working, but today we are facilitating for people who did not go to work to gather, their share their feelings and to protest against anti-immigrant policies by the White House," said Jorge Mujica of Arise Chicago.
As protesters listened to activists from a range of community organizations, word spread that the White House will pursue a new travel ban to replace the one imposed on seven Muslim-majority nations.
"It seems like the country is really being set back right now. We're not moving forward, we're moving backwards," said Jessie Reeve.
"There's so much hate, even more with Donald Trump being president now. But you know what, everyone got together to let him know that we're all here, we're not leaving," said Danielle Salinas.
Man businesses closed their doors in solidary Thursday, including grocery stores and restaurants.
At Pete's Fresh Market in Little Village, the lights were on, but no one inside was working. The grocery chain closed five of its locations in solidarity with a nationwide protest Thursday called "Day Without Immigrants."
"This thing that they're doing now it's like important to show immigrants are essential to everybody's lives here," said Natalie Acevedo.
While five Pete's locations are closed Thursday, stores at 118th and Avenue O in the Hegewisch neighborhood and Madison and Western in the Near West Side neighborhood would remain open as well as stores in Calumet City, Evergreen Park, Oakbrook Terrace, Bridgeview and Oak Park.
Celebrity chef Rick Bayless tweeted that his four of his restaurants in Chicago will be closed Thursday to support the movement. Seventeen businesses in west suburban Aurora will also be closed as a show of solidarity in a predominantly Hispanic community.
Out of respect for r staff's vote to support Thurs's immigrant civil action, we r closing Frontera Grill, Topolobampo,Xoco & Fonda Frontera— Rick Bayless (@Rick_Bayless) February 16, 2017
Meanwhile, Eataly near the Mag Mile is staying open, but says it will support any employee who chooses to participate in Thursday's protest.
"Like my sister today like she, she's like, 'I'm not going to school today because I wanna show that we're all together,'" said Juan Lima.
The boycott calls for immigrants not to attend work, not to open their businesses, not send their kids to school, and not to spend any money Thursday all in an effort to show President Donald Trump the effect immigrants have on the country on a daily basis.
Gustavo Carrillo makes grocery deliveries across Chicago and he chose not to work Thursday.
"We are not criminals. We come to this country just to work hard for our families and this is a fight you know," Carrillo said.
Chicago Public Schools said they are in the process of analyzing the day's attendance data, but anecdotally are aware that attendance at many schools with a high percentage of Hispanic students was below average Thursday.
"CPS is a school district that celebrates its diversity, and we are fully committed to providing every child in Chicago with an education that gives them the tools to make a positive contribution to our shared community. We know that many of our families have concerns about recent government actions and statements, and we want them to know that the best place for their children during these challenging times is a safe and supportive classroom with their fellow students," CPS said in a statement.
The UNO charter school network said that they had 20-25 percent absences Thursday and normally have attendance rates of 96-97 percent.
Immigrants around the U.S. stayed home from work and school Thursday to demonstrate how important they are to America's economy, and many businesses closed in solidarity, in a nationwide protest called A Day Without Immigrants.
The boycott was aimed squarely at President Donald Trump's efforts to step up deportations, build a wall at the Mexican border and close the nation's doors to many travelers. Organizers said they expected thousands to participate or otherwise show support.
"I fear every day whether I am going to make it back home. I don't know if my mom will make it home," said Hessel Duarte, a 17-year-old native of Honduras who lives in Austin, Texas, with his family and skipped class at his high school to take part in one of several rallies held around the country. Duarte said he arrived in the U.S. at age 5 to escape gang violence.
The protest even reached into the U.S. Capitol, where a Senate coffee shop was among the eateries that were closed as employees did not show up at work.
Organizers appealed to immigrants from all walks of life to take part, but the effects were felt most strongly in the restaurant industry, which has long been a first step up the economic ladder for newcomers to America with its many jobs for cooks, dishwashers and servers. Restaurant owners with immigrant roots of their own were among those acting in solidarity with workers.
Expensive restaurants and fast-food joints alike closed, some perhaps because they had no choice, others because of what they said was sympathy for their immigrant employees. Sushi bars, Brazilian steakhouses, Mexican eateries and Thai and Italian restaurants all turned away lunchtime customers.
"The really important dynamic to note is this is not antagonistic, employee-against-employer," said Janet Murguia, president of the Hispanic rights group National Council of La Raza. "This is employers and workers standing together, not in conflict."
She added: "Businesses cannot function without immigrant workers today."
At a White House news conference held as the lunch-hour protests unfolded, Trump boasted of his border security measures and immigration arrests of hundreds of people in the past week, saying, "We are saving lives every single day."
Since the end of 2007, the number of foreign-born workers employed in the U.S. has climbed by nearly 3.1 million to 25.9 million; they account for 56 percent of the increase in U.S. employment over that period, according to the Labor Department.
Roughly 12 million people are employed in the restaurant industry, and immigrants make up the majority - up to 70 percent in places like New York and Chicago, according to the Restaurant Opportunities Centers United, which works to improve working conditions. An estimated 1.3 million in the industry are immigrants in the U.S. illegally, the group said.
The construction industry, which likewise employs large numbers of immigrants, also felt the effects of Thursday's protest.
Shea Frederick, who owns a small construction company in Baltimore, showed up at 7 a.m. at a home he is renovating and found that he was all alone, with a load of drywall ready for install. He soon understood why: His crew, five immigrants, called to say they weren't coming to work. They were joining the protests.
"I had an entire day of full work," he said. "I have inspectors lined up to inspect the place, and now they're thrown off, and you do it the day before the weekend and it pushes things off even more. It sucks, but it's understandable."
Frederick said that while he fundamentally agrees with the action, and appreciates why his crew felt the need to participate, he feels his business is being made to suffer as a result of the president's policies.
"It's hurting the wrong people," he said. "A gigantic part of this state didn't vote this person in, and we're paying for his terrible decisions."
There were no immediate estimates of how many students stayed home in various cities. Many student absences may not be excused, and some people who skipped work will lose a day's pay or perhaps even their jobs. But organizers and participants argued the cause was worth it.
Marcela Ardaya-Vargas, who is from Bolivia and now lives in Falls Church, Virginia, pulled her son out of school to take him to a march in Washington.
"When he asked why he wasn't going to school, I told him because today he was going to learn about immigration," she said, adding: "Our job as citizens is to unite with our brothers and sisters."
Carmen Solis, a Mexico-born U.S. citizen, took the day off from work as a project manager and brought her two children to a rally in Chicago.
"I feel like our community is going to be racially profiled and harassed," she said of Trump's immigration policies. "It's very upsetting. People like to take out their anger on the immigrants, but employers are making profits off of them. "
On Ninth Street in South Philadelphia's Italian Market, it was so quiet in the morning that Rani Vasudeva thought it might be Monday, when many of the businesses on the normally bustling stretch are closed.
Produce stands and other stalls along "Calle Nueve" - as 9th Street is more commonly known for its abundance of Mexican-owned businesses - stood empty, leaving customers to look elsewhere for fresh meat, bread, fruits and vegetables.
"It's actually very sad," said Vasudeva, a 38-year-old professor at Temple University. "You realize the impact the immigrant community has. We need each other for our daily lives."
In New Orleans' Mid-City neighborhood, whose Latino population swelled after the damage wrought by Hurricane Katrina in 2005 created lots of jobs for construction workers, the Ideal Market was closed. The place is usually busy at midday with people lining up at the steam tables for hot lunches or picking from an array of fresh Central American vegetables and fruits.
Among the well-known establishments that closed in solidarity were three of acclaimed chef Silvana Salcido Esparza's restaurants in Phoenix; Michelin star RASA in San Francisco; and Washington's Oyamel and Jaleo, run by chef Jose Andres.
Tony and Marie Caschera, both 66, who were visiting Washington from Halfmoon, New York, thought a tapas restaurant looked interesting for lunch, but then realized the lights were off and the place was closed.
"I'm in support of what they're trying to say," said Marie Caschera, a registered Democrat, adding that immigrants are "fearful for their communities."
Her husband, a registered Republican whose family emigrated from Italy before World War II, said he supports legal immigration, but added: "I don't like illegal aliens here."
The Associated Press contributed to this report.