What's your stroke IQ?

July 1, 2009 TYPES OF STROKE: There are four major types of strokes: two are caused by clots and two by hemorrhage.

  • Cerebral thrombosis: the most common kind of stroke, occurs when a blood clot forms in an artery, blocking the flow of blood to the brain.
  • Cerebral embolism: occurs when a blood clot forms in a distant body part, often the heart, and is carried to one of the major arteries in the brain, where it blocks blood flow. A heart disorder called atrial fibrillation is a risk factor for this kind of stroke.
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage: caused when a blood vessel on the surface of the brain ruptures, bleeding into the space between the brain and the skull.
  • Cerebral hemorrhage: accounts for about 10 percent of strokes. It happens when an artery in the brain bursts because of a head injury or aneurysm.
  • TREATMENT: Treatment usually begins in the emergency room, so doctors can diagnose the type of stroke you are having. You may be given drugs to dissolve a possible clot or reduce the swelling in the brain. For ischemic stroke, the drug tPA has been proven by several large clinical trials to help patients recover. However, those trials show that if given later than three hours after a person first realizes he is having stroke symptoms, tPA can cause dangerous bleeding in the brain. Doctors say it is only safe to give tPA within three hours of the beginning of stroke symptoms, which is why physicians think recognizing stroke symptoms and getting to the hospital immediately is so important.

    STROKE IQ: A National Stroke Association study shows most Americans do not treat stroke as an emergency. A survey reports one in three Americans cannot name a single symptom a person might experience while having a stroke. Women may report unique stroke symptoms such as sudden face and limb pain, hiccups, nausea, general weakness, chest pain, shortness of breath and palpitations.

    ? For More Information, Contact:

    Cindy Nelson, Public Affairs
    The Mayo Clinic
    Jacksonville, FL
    (904) 953-0464

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