They also found of those who get sick, about 128,000 are hospitalized and 3,000 die annually.
Many of the deaths are due to salmonella according to the CDC. It was salmonella that led to the massive recall earlier this year of millions of suspect eggs.
Despite the numbers, there has actually been a slight dip in national cases of food borne illness.
The two reports are published online in the CDC's journal Emerging Infectious Diseases.