Nevada Department of Motor Vehicles officials say 72-year-old Arthur Gerald Jones was arrested Tuesday on felony identity theft and fraud charges.
DMV and Social Security investigators say Jones has used the name Joseph Richard Sandelli since he was reported missing from Highland Park, Ill.
Jones' disappearance was called suspicious at the time. Authorities say he may have faced gambling debts and trouble from organized crimes groups.
An Illinois court declared Jones legally dead in 1986, allowing his wife and three children to collect Social Security benefits.
Records show Jones is due in court Aug. 23. His attorney, Stephen Stein, didn't immediately return a call to his office Friday.