SACRAMENTO, Calif. -- California has taken a major step to prevent sexual assaults on college campuses. Governor Jerry Brown signed a bill Sunday night that makes California the first in the nation to define when and how consent can be given.
Advocates for victims of sexual assault supported the changes. They believe it will provide consistency across campuses and challenge the notion that victims must have "resisted assault" in order to have valid complaints.
Governor Brown announced Sunday that he signed SB 967. California's so-called "yes means yes" law will be the first in the nation to make affirmative consent language a central tenant of school sexual assault policies. It will change how campus officials investigate sexual assault allegations.
The bill defines consent as an "affirmative, conscious and voluntary agreement to engage in sexual activity" and that not saying no isn't a go. It also states that if the person has drugs or alcohol in his or her system or is asleep, they cannot give consent.
It also requires training for faculty so victims are not asked inappropriate questions when filing complaints, and includes counseling and health care services for victims.
State lawmakers last month approved Senate Bill 967 by Sen. Kevin de Leon, D-Los Angeles, as states and universities across the U.S. are under pressure to change how they handle rape allegations. Campus sexual assault victims and women's advocacy groups delivered petitions to Brown's office on Sept. 16 urging him to sign the bill.
De Leon has said the legislation will begin a paradigm shift in how college campuses in California prevent and investigate sexual assaults.
"Every student deserves a learning environment that is safe and healthy," De Leon said in a statement Sunday night. "The State of California will not allow schools to sweep rape cases under the rug. We've shifted the conversation regarding sexual assault to one of prevention, justice, and healing."
Lawmakers say consent can be nonverbal, and universities with similar policies have outlined examples as a nod of the head or moving in closer to the person.
"This is amazing," said Savannah Badalich, a student at UCLA, where classes begin this week, and the founder of the group 7000 in Solidarity. "It's going to educate an entire new generation of students on what consent is and what consent is not ... that the absence of a no is not a yes."
When lawmakers were considering the bill, critics said it was overreaching and sends universities into murky legal waters. Some Republicans in the Assembly questioned whether statewide legislation is an appropriate venue to define sexual consent between two people.
There was no opposition from Republicans in the state Senate.
Gordon Finley, an adviser to the National Coalition for Men, wrote an editorial asking Brown not to sign the bill. He argued that "this campus rape crusade bill" presumes the guilt of the accused.
SB 967 applies to all California postsecondary schools, public and private, that receive state money for student financial aid. The California State University and University of California systems are backing the legislation after adopting similar consent standards this year.
UC President Janet Napolitano recently announced that the system will voluntarily establish an independent advocate to support sexual assault victims on every campus. An advocacy office also is a provision of the federal Survivor Outreach and Support Campus Act proposed by U.S. Sen. Barbara Boxer and Rep. Susan Davis of San Diego, both Democrats.
The Associated Press contributed to this report.
'Yes Means Yes' California SB 967 sex assault bill signed by gov
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