China strides onto Olympic stage

BEIJING Fireworks shot off across the Chinese capital as hundreds of drummers and dancers performed under a light display at the national stadium.

Chicago Mayor Richard Daley and other high-profile Chicagoans were helping promote Chicago's bid for the Games.

While Chicagoans were just waking up Friday morning, a spectacle was taking place in Beijing. Millions of people came together in places public and private all over China, all basking in China's moment in the world spotlight.

Chinese culture teaches humility, but on this day you'll have to excuse just a bit of pride.

From spruced up shopping districts to humble HuTongs, it was a day of national celebration in China.

Away from the tourist spots, down a narrow alley, Zhang Zheng Xing and his daughter, invited the ABC7 crew into their one-room home to show how most Chinese will bask in the glow of the Games.

Zhang hasn't worked in ten months because the government ordered his factory closed to clean up pollution. He still receives his $280 a month salary.

He has nothing negative to say about the $40 billion his government spent on shiny, new stadiums and subway lines for what is essentially a one-month party.

But he said he is honored his wife was selected as one of one million Olympic volunteers. It is that pride and self-sacrifice, Mayor Daley says, is most impressive to him.

"They have flags, they have banners. They're waiting for the torch to come by. These people want this to happen. It's a new beginning for China," Daley said.

For members of the U.S. Olympic Team, Friday night was a celebration of hard work and determination.

"The guys made the decision to do this, and we're fortunate we get to experience this," said Brian McBride , U.S. soccer team, Chicago native.

For others, it's a party with worldwide appeal.

"We've got our two tickets," said Billy Dec, Chicago restauranteur.

"We're praying Chicago gets the bid. That's why Billy and I are here, supporting this for Chicago. We hope it happens," said actor David Schwimmer.

Of course, the date is the eighth day of the eighth month in year 2008. Opening Ceremonies began at 8:08 p.m. Why is the number considered so lucky here? The Chinese pronunciation is "ba," which sounds like "fa," which means "good fortune." That's apparently enough for them.

At USA House in Beijing, there was a viewing party for those without tickets; but don't feel too bad, The surroundings were spectacular.

For countless Beijing residents, watching China's crowning achievement is a moment best shared.

"When I see opening ceremonies, I think 'Wow, Beijing is developed, Beijing has become modern city. I proud of myself," said Di Li, Beijing.

In some locations, the party got too big for the comfort of Chinese police, so they pulled the plug.

"I was a little bummed they didn't have the TV on because we ran all the way down here to see, but still had a great time," said American tourist Kristi Geoghan.

Now that China can officially lay claim to the title "Olympic Host City" - the next competition begins, and that's for gold medals.

To the beat of sparkling explosions, the crowd counted down the final seconds before the show began. A sea of drummers -- 2,008 in all -- pounded out rhythms with their hands, then acrobats on wires drifted down into the stadium as rockets shot up into the night sky from its rim.

Three hours later, the parade of athletes concluded with the entry of the 639-strong Chinese team, led by flag-bearer and basketball idol Yao Ming alongside a 9-year-old schoolboy who survived May's devastating earthquake in Sichuan province. The welcome -- by a frenzied, chanting, flag-waving crowd that sought to cool itself with paper fans in the stifling heat -- was thunderous. And moments later, the crowd erupted again when President Hu Jintao declared the games formally open.

President Bush and Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin were among the glittering roster of notables who watched China make this bold declaration that it had arrived. Bush, rebuked by China after he raised human-rights concerns this week, is the first U.S. president to attend an Olympics on foreign soil.

Already an economic juggernaut, China is given a good chance of overtaking the U.S. atop the gold-medal standings with its legions of athletes trained intensely since childhood. One dramatic showdown will be in women's gymnastics, where the U.S. and Chinese teams are co-favorites; in the pool, Chinese divers and U.S. swimmers are expected to dominate.

The run-up to the games had epic story lines -- China investing $40 billion to build the needed infrastructure, reeling from the catastrophic earthquake in May, struggling right up to Friday to diminish Beijing's stubborn smog. China's detentions of political activists, its crackdown on uprisings in Tibet and its economic ties to Sudan -- home of the war-torn Darfur region -- fueled relentless criticisms from human rights groups and calls for an Olympic boycott.

Second-guessed for awarding the games to Beijing, the International Olympic Committee stood firmly by its decision. It was time, the committee said, to bring the games to the homeland of 1.3 billion people, a fifth of humanity.

"For a long time, China has dreamed of opening its doors and inviting the world's athletes to Beijing for the Olympic Games," IOC President Jacques Rogge said in his speech. "Tonight, that dream comes true."

Rogge mentioned the Sichuan earthquake, saying the world was moved "by the great courage and solidarity of the Chinese people." And he exhorted the assembled athletes, as role models for the world's youth, to "reject doping and cheating."

The story presented in Friday's pageantry sought to distill 5,000 years of Chinese history -- featuring everything from the Great Wall to opera puppets to astronauts, and highlighting achievements in art, music and science. Roughly 15,000 people were in the cast, all under the direction of Zhang Yimou, whose early films often often ran afoul of government censors for their blunt portrayals of China's problems.

He produced some majestic and ethereal imagery -- at one point a huge, translucent globe emerged from the stadium floor, and acrobats floated magically around it to the accompaniment of the games' theme song, "One World, One Dream."

The show's script steered clear of modern politics -- there were no references to Chairman Mao and the class struggle, nor to the more recent conflicts and controversies. The ceremony was taped for broadcast 12 hours later in the United States.

A record 204 delegations paraded their athletes through the stadium -- superstars such as tennis great Roger Federer and basketball's Kobe Bryant, as well as plucky underdogs from Iraq, Afghanistan and other embattled lands. The nations were marching not in the traditional alphabetical order but in a sequence based on the number of strokes it takes to write their names in Chinese. The exceptions were Greece, birthplace of the Olympics, which was given its traditional place at the start, and the Chinese team, which lined up last.

Athletes from Japan, an old foe and current economic rival of China, were greeted coolly by the crowd even though they waved tiny Chinese flags. But cheers erupted for the next delegation, Taiwan, which China considers a breakaway province that should reunite with the mainland.

The U.S. team -- second-largest after China's with nearly 600 members -- was welcomed loudly, with many in crowd recognizing the basketball stars who brought up the rear. Bush rose from his VIP seat to wave at the athletes, nattily dressed in white trousers, blue blazers, red-white-and-blue-striped ties and white caps.

The American flag-bearer was 1500-meter runner Lopez Lomong, one of the Lost Boys of Sudan, who spent a decade of his youth in a refugee camp in Kenya. He's a member of the Team Darfur coalition, representing athletes opposed to China's support for Sudan. On Friday he avoided any criticism and said the Chinese "have been great putting all these things together."

Abroad, human rights activists were less generous.

"The Chinese government and the International Olympic Committee have wasted a historic opportunity to use the Beijing Games to make real progress on human rights in China," said Sophie Richardson of Human Rights Watch.

For Chinese dissidents who have dared to challenge the Communist Party's monopoly on power, the start of the Olympics meant tighter surveillance and restrictions.

"It's not my Olympic Games," said Jiang Tianyong, a human rights lawyer. "It's not the games for the ordinary people."

By all indications, however, most Chinese have embraced the games, buying up tickets at a record pace, volunteering by the thousands for Olympic duties, nursing expectations of triumphs by their home team.

To their eyes, the omens were good. The ceremony began at 8 p.m. on the eighth day of the eighth month of 2008 -- auspicious in a country where eight is the luckiest number.

"It not easy to meet with such a date," said Wang Wei, secretary general of Beijing Organizing Committee. "Hopefully this lucky day will bring luck."

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

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