Ann Marie Dziedzic, 36, of Barrington faces one count of aggravated battery of a child and five counts of aggravated battery in a church.
An investigation was launched Feb. 4 after an anonymous tip was sent to the Illinois Department of Children and Family Services, Barrington police said.
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The charges stem from several alleged incidents that occurred at the Lutheran Church of Atonement in Barrington, where she worked as a childcare worker.
Barrington police said none of the victims suffered serious injuries.
Dziedzic had a bond hearing Thursday.