The incident happened around 5 p.m. Saturday.
Officials said the officers were chasing two suspects who reportedly shot a 30-year-old man in the 5400-block of South Laflin Street.
They followed the suspects to the 5200-block of South Peoria Street and that's when the child was struck.
The girl was taken to a hospital and is reportedly in good condition.
Police are still searching for the suspects.