Chicago authorities preparing for swine flu

Mexico death toll reaches 103, Swine flu fears prompt quarantine plans, pork bans
April 26, 2009 8:45:50 PM PDT
The city of Chicago and the state of Illinois are preparing for the potential of an outbreak of swine flu.City health officials held a news conference Sunday afternoon to outline their plan and to provide suggestions on how Chicago area can avoid getting sick.

Authorities say staying away from those already infected, washing hands, and staying at home if you feel sick are the obvious ways to avoid contracting the swine flu.

"We have our mouth covers here to prevent," Mexico City resident Miriem Alfie said "We bought it."

So far, more than 80 people have died in Mexico from swine flu, and approximately

The swine flu virus is a combination of bird, swine and human influenzas. Health officials are concerned because people appear to have no immunity to the virus.

According to the Centers for Disease Control Web site, symptoms include fever, body aches, coughing, a sore throat, congestion, and in some cases, vomiting and diarrhea.

Deerfield, Ill.-based Baxter International has asked the World Health Organization for a sample of the flu strain in hopes of developing a vaccine. Once Baxter develops a vaccine, it could take around 13 weeks to produce.

In the mean time, some infectious disease experts say there is no cause for alarm yet.

"I do not think this is a coming plague. This is not a repeat of SARS, but it's just too early to tell at this point," University of Chicago Hospitals' Dr. Kenneth Alexander said.

Health experts add that it's good news that the U.S. cases don't appear to be as severe as the ones in Mexico.

Officials say passengers coming from affected areas won't be barred from entering the United States, but they could be referred for testing for the swine flu.

Swine flu fears prompt quarantine plans, pork bans

GENEVA (AP) -- Canada became the third country to confirm human cases of swine flu Sunday as global health officials considered whether to raise the global pandemic alert level.

Nations from New Zealand to Spain also reported suspected cases, and some warned citizens against travel to North America while others planned quarantines, tightened rules on pork imports and tested airline passengers for fevers.

The six Canadian cases in Nova Scotia and British Columbia all had links to people who had traveled to Mexico, and all are the same swine flu strain. The six people have recovered, said Dr. David Butler-Jones, Canada's chief public health officer.

But "these are probably not the last cases we'll see in Canada," he said.

The news follows the World Health Organization's decision Saturday to declare the outbreak first detected in Mexico and the United States a "public health emergency of international concern."

A senior World Health Organization official said the agency's emergency committee will meet for a second time Tuesday to examine the spread of the virus before deciding whether to increase the alert for a possible pandemic, or global epidemic.

The same strain of the A/H1N1 swine flu virus has been detected in several locations in Mexico and the United States, and it appears to be spreading directly from human to human, said Keiji Fukuda, WHO's assistant director-general in charge of health security.

Mexico's federal health secretary says the disease has killed 103 people and likely sickened more than 1,600 since April 13. U.S. officials say the virus has been found in New York, California, Texas, Kansas and Ohio, but no fatalities have been reported.

Governments including China, Russia and Taiwan began planning to put anyone with symptoms of the deadly virus under quarantine.

Others were increasing their screening of pigs and pork imports from the Americas or banning them outright despite health officials' reassurances that it was safe to eat thoroughly cooked pork.

Some nations issued travel warnings for Mexico and the United States.

WHO's emergency committee is still trying to determine exactly how the virus has spread, Fukuda said

"Right now we have cases occurring in a couple of different countries and in multiple locations," he said. "But we also know that in the modern world that cases can simply move around from single locations and not really become established."

Raising the pandemic alert phase could entail issuing specific recommendations to countries on how to halt the disease. So far, WHO has only urged governments to step up their surveillance of suspicious outbreaks.

WHO Director-General Margaret Chan called the outbreak a public health emergency of "pandemic potential" because the virus can pass from human to human.

Her agency was considering whether to issue nonbinding recommendations on travel and trade restrictions, and even border closures. It is up to governments to decide whether to follow the advice.

"Countries are encouraged to do anything that they feel would be a precautionary measure," WHO spokeswoman Aphaluck Bhatiasevi said. "All countries need to enhance their monitoring."

New Zealand said 10 students who took a school trip to Mexico "likely" had swine flu, and on Monday it said three students in a second group had mild flu symptoms and were being tested. Israel said a man who had recently visited Mexico had been hospitalized while authorities try to determine whether he had the disease. French Health Ministry officials investigated four possible cases of swine flu, but three were found to be negative. In Brazil, a hospital said a patient who arrived from Mexico was hospitalized with some swine flu symptoms.

Spanish authorities said seven suspected cases were under observation.

Hong Kong and Taiwan said visitors who came back from flu-affected areas with fevers would be quarantined. China said anyone experiencing flu-like symptoms within two weeks of arrival from an affected area had to report to authorities. A Russian health agency said any passenger from North America running a fever would be quarantined until the cause of the fever is determined.

Tokyo's Narita airport installed a device to test the temperatures of passengers arriving from Mexico.

New Zealand health officials started screening passengers arriving at Auckland International Airport from the United States and other parts of North America. Bolivia said it would start on Monday to screen passengers coming from Mexico and the United States and isolate any found to be infected.

Indonesia increased surveillance at all entry points for travelers with flu-like symptoms -- using devices at airports that were put in place years ago to monitor for severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, and bird flu.

Hong Kong and South Korea warned against travel to the Mexican capital and three affected provinces. Italy, Poland and Venezuela also advised their citizens to postpone travel to affected areas of Mexico and the United States.

Symptoms of the flu-like illness include a fever of more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit (37.8 degrees Celsius), body aches, coughing, a sore throat, respiratory congestion and, in some cases, vomiting and diarrhea.

The virus is usually contracted through direct contact with pigs, but Joseph Domenech, chief of animal health service at U.N. Food and Agriculture Agency in Rome, said all indications were that the virus is being spread through human-to-human transmission.

No vaccine specifically protects against swine flu, and it is unclear how much protection current human flu vaccines might offer.

Russia banned the import of meat products from Mexico, California, Texas and Kansas. South Korea said it would increase the number of its influenza virus checks on pork products from Mexico and the U.S.

On the Net: WHO swine flu page.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: www.cdc.gov

Homeland Security Department: www.dhs.gov


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