The report in the Lancet medical journal finds the resurfacing implants failed more quickly than total hip replacements.
The failure rate was so high in women -- up to five times greater -- that the researchers believe resurfacing implants should never be used in women.
The technique involves capping rather than replacing damaged bone. It was promoted as a breakthrough for younger patients that would allow them to remain more active.
But, as concerns have grown, the procedure has become less popular.
Some manufacturers maintain the success depends upon the right patient selection.